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6 Years Old - 12 Years Old 


What can my child do at these ages?


As your child grows, you’ll notice him or her developing new and exciting abilities.


A child age 6 to 7:

Enjoys many activities and stays busy

Likes to paint and draw

Practices skills in order to become better

Jumps rope

Rides a bike


A child age 8 to 9:

Is more graceful with movements and abilities

Jumps, skips, and chases

Dresses and grooms self completely

Can use tools, such as a hammer or screwdriver


A child age 10 to 12:

Likes to sew and paint


What does my child understand?

As children enter into school age, their skills and understanding of concepts continue to grow.


A child age 6 to 7:

Understands the concept of numbers

Knows daytime and nighttime

Knows right and left hands

Can copy complex shapes, such as a diamond

Can tell time

Understands commands that have 3 separate instructions

Can explain objects and their use

Can repeat 3 numbers backward

Can read age-appropriate books                                                                              


A child age 8 to 9:

Can count backward

Knows the date

Reads more and enjoys reading

Understands fractions

Understands the concept of space

Draws and paints

Can name the months and days of the week, in order

Enjoys collecting objects


A child age 10 to 12:

Writes stories

Likes to write letters

Reads well

Enjoys using the telephone


How will my child interact with others?

An important part of growing up is learning to interact and socialize with others. During the school-age years, you’ll see a change in your child. He or she will move from playing alone to having multiple friends and social groups. Friendships become more important. But your child is still fond of you as parents, and likes being part of a family. Below are some of the common traits that your child may show at these ages.


A child age 6 to 7:

Cooperates and shares

Can be jealous of others and siblings

Likes to copy adults

Likes to play alone, but friends are becoming important

Plays with friends of the same gender

May sometimes have temper tantrums

Is modest about his or her body

Likes to play board games


A child age 8 to 9:

Likes competition and games

Starts to mix friends and play with children of the opposite gender

Is modest about his or her body

Enjoys clubs and groups, such as Boy Scouts or Girl Scouts

Is becoming interested in boy-girl relationships, but doesn’t admit it.

A child age 10 to 12:

Finds friends are very important and may have a best friend

Has increased interest in the opposite gender

Likes and respects parents

Enjoys talking to others

How can I encourage my child's social abilities?

You can help boost your school-aged child's social abilities by:

Setting limits, guidelines, and expectations and enforcing them with appropriate penalties

Modeling good behavior

Complimenting your child for being cooperative and for personal achievements

Helping your child choose activities that are suitable for his or her abilities

Encouraging your child to talk with you and be open with his or her feelings

Encouraging your child to read, and reading with your child

Encouraging your child to get involved with hobbies and other activities

Promoting physical activity

Encouraging self-discipline and expecting your child to follow rules that are set

Teaching your child to respect and listen to authority figures

Encouraging your child to talk about peer pressure and setting guidelines to deal with peer pressure

Spending uninterrupted time together and giving full attention to your child

Limiting screen time (TV, video, and computer)

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